BIO Web Conf.
Volume 51, 2022International Scientific and Practical Conference “From Modernization to Advanced Development: Ensuring Competitiveness and Scientific Leadership of the Agro-Industrial Complex” (IDSISA 2022)
|Number of page(s)||7|
|Section||Innovative Technologies for the Production and Processing of Crop and Livestock Products: Problems and Prospects for Practical Implementation|
|Published online||02 August 2022|
Meat productivity and biological value of meat in bulls of various breeds
1 Federal Research Centre of Biological Systems and Agrotechnologies of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Orenburg, Russia
2 Orenburg State Agrarian University, Orenburg, Russia
3 Ekaterinburg State Agrarian University, Ekaterinburg, Russia
4 Perm Institute of the Federal Penitentiary Service of Russia, Perm, Russia
* Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
Our study presents the results of a comparative assessment of meat productivity and biological value of meat in bulls of various breeds. The work was carried out at OJSC named after N.E. Tokarlikov of the Almetyevsk region of the Republic of Tatarstan using industrial technology in three groups (18 heads in each group): I - Simmental, II - Black-and-White and III - Hereford. Relatively high rates of meat productivity and qualitative characteristics of the meat were determined in Hereford bulls: meat weight was 1.7 and 4.5% more compared with Simmental and Black-and-White peers. The meat index in animals of the meat direction (4.59) is higher by 7.5 and 5.5% compared to analogues of I and II groups. The specific gravity of the protein did not have significant differences (18.60-19.05%). At the same time, a higher level of fat was noted in meat from beef cattle - by 1.05 and 1.51%. They also favorably differed in essential amino acids content in the proteins of muscle tissue. Their amino acid score was above 100%. A more balanced ratio of essential amino acids was established in individuals of beef cattle when calculating the biological value of the protein. Meat from animals of Hereford breed was differed by relatively high level of non-essential amino acids - 318.8 mg per 1 g of protein, which is 1.3 and 10.4% more than in the peers of the first two groups.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2022
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