BIO Web Conf.
Volume 60, 20232022 4th International Conference on Biotechnology and Food Science (BFS 2022)
|Number of page(s)||6|
|Section||Agricultural Biotechnology and Food Safety|
|Published online||11 May 2023|
Research Progress on Neural Circuit Mechanisms of Depression
School of Integrative Medicine, Tianjin University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Tianjin, China
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Depression is one of the most prevailing neurological and psychotic disorders with a high rate of mental disability. The depression is closely related to the abnormality of neural circuits in brain. As a result, it is of great significance to make a profound study of the neural circuit of depression for revealing new clinical therapies of depression. Currently, neural circuits about depression have not been fully understood and there are still many difficulties puzzling researchers. While with the processing effort of neuroscientists and the development of electrophysiology, epigenetics or neuroimmunology, great progresses have been made in studies about neuronal circuits in depression to some extent. In this paper, we discuss various brain areas those are related to depression including the ventral tegmental area (VTA), nucleus accumbens (NAc) and dorsal raphe nucleus (DRN), and then put emphasis on their local function with different neurotransmitters and abnormality of neural circuits of depression by reviewing previous studies. In a way, figuring out the mechanism of depression can improve the cure rate, and reduce the economic loss due to depression around the world.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2023
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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