Open Access
BIO Web Conf.
Volume 68, 2023
44th World Congress of Vine and Wine
Article Number 03008
Number of page(s) 13
Section Law
Published online 23 November 2023
  • H. Fraga et al., “Statistical modelling of grapevine phenology in Portuguese wine regions: Observed trends and climate change projections,” J. Agric. Sci. 154(5) 795–811, 2015 [Google Scholar]
  • G.V. Jones and F. Alves, “Spatial Analysis of Climate in Winegrape Growing Regions in Portugal,” in Proceedings of the 9th international Terroir congress, pp. 1–4, 2012 [Google Scholar]
  • A. Cichelli, C. Pattara, and A. Petrella, “Sustainability in mountain viticulture . The case of the Valle Peligna,” Agric. Agric. Sci. Procedia 8, 65–72, 2016 [Google Scholar]
  • J.A. Santos, S.D. Grätsch, M.K. Karremann, G.V. Jones, and J.G. Pinto, “Ensemble projections for wine production in the Douro Valley of Portugal,” Clim. Change 117, 211–225, 2013 [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • S.S. Flores, “What is sustainability in the wine world? A cross-country analysis of wine sustainability frameworks,” J. Clean. Prod. 172, 2301–2312, 2018 [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • R. Merli, M. Preziosi, and A. Acampora, “Sustainability experiences in the wine sector: toward the development of an international indicators system,” J. Clean. Prod. 172, (2018), 3791–3805, 2018 [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • A. Trigo, A. Marta-Costa, and R. Fragoso, “Sustainability Assessment: A Tool to Build Resilience in the Face of Future Crisis,” in Business Under Crisis, Volume III, 1st ed., D. Vrontis, A. Thrassou, Y. Weber, S.M.R. Shams, E. Tsoukatos, and L. Efthymiou, Eds. Cham, Switzerland: Palgrave Studies in Cross-disciplinary Business Research, In Association with EuroMed Academy of Business, 47–86, 2022 [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • OIV, “State of the World Vine and Wine Sector in 2022,” Int. Organ. Vine Wine Intergov. Organ., no. April, 1-19, 2022. Available in [Accessed: 05-May-2023] [Google Scholar]
  • S. Faria, L.S.M. de Lourenço-Gomes, S.H.C. de Gouveia, and J.F. Rebelo, “Economic performance of the Portuguese wine industry: a microeconometric analysis,” J. Wine Res. 31(4), 283–300, 2020 [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • R. Fragoso and J.R. Figueira, “Sustainable supply chain network design: An application to the wine industry in Southern Portugal,” J. Oper. Res. Soc. 72(6), 1236–1251, 2021 [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • C. Andrade, H. Fraga, and J.A. Santos, “Climate change multi-model projections for temperature extremes in Portugal,” Atmos. Sci. Lett. 15(2), 149–156, 2014 [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • FAO, Water for Sustainable Food and Agriculture Water for Sustainable Food and Agriculture. Rome, Italy, 2017 [Google Scholar]
  • F. Saldanha and L. Jerónimo, “O Uso da água em Portugal: Olhar, compreender e actuar com os protagonistas chave.,” Lisbon, Potugal, 2020 [Google Scholar]
  • H. Fraga, I. García de Cortázar, Atauri, and J.A. Santos, “Viticultural irrigation demands under climate change scenarios in Portugal,” Agric. Water Manag. 196, 66–74, 2018 [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • A. Trigo, A. Marta-Costa, and R. Fragoso, “Principles of Sustainable Agriculture: Defining Standardized Reference Points,” Sustainability 13(8), 4086, 2021 [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • OIV, “OIV General principles of sustainable vitiviniculture: environmental, social, economic and cultural aspects (Resolution CST 518/2016),” Bento Gonçalves, Brazil, 2016 [Google Scholar]
  • OECD, “Using the Pressure-State-Response Model To Develop Indicators of Sustainability: OECD framework for environmental indicators,” Paris, France, 2001 [Google Scholar]
  • P. Triviño-Tarradas, P. Carranza-Cañadas, F.J. Mesas-Carrascosa, and E.J. Gonzalez-Sanchez, “Evaluation of Agricultural Sustainability on a Mixed Vineyard and Olive-Grove Farm in Southern Spain through the INSPIA Model,” Sustain. 12(1090), 1–23, 2020 [Google Scholar]
  • F. Häni, F. Braga, A. Stämpfli, T. Keller, M. Fischer, and H. Porsche, “RISE, a tool for holistic sustainability assessment at the farm level,” Int. Food Agribus. Manag. Rev. 6(4), 2003 [Google Scholar]
  • A.J. Smyth and J. Dumanski, “FESLM: An international framework for evaluating sustainable land management. A discussion paper,” Rome, Italy, 1993 [Google Scholar]
  • European Commission, “EU SDG Indicator set 2021: Result of the review in preparation of the 2021 edition of the EU SDG monitoring report,” 2021 [Google Scholar]
  • Commission of the European Communities, “Water Framework Directive (WFD) 2000/60/EC: Directive 2000/60/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 23 October 2000 establishing a framework for Community action in the field of water policy.,” 2000 [Google Scholar]
  • J. Rockström et al., “Planetary Boundaries: Exploring the Safe Operating Space for Humanity,” Ecol. Soc. 14(2), 32, 2009 [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • L. Wang-Erlandsson et al., “A planetary boundary for green water,” Nat. Rev. Earth Environ. 3(6), 380–392, 2022. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • L. Lamastra, N.A. Suciu, E. Novelli, and M. Trevisan, “A new approach to assessing the water footprint of wine : An Italian case study,” Sci. Total Environ. 490, 748–756, 2014 [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • D. D’Ammaro, E. Capri, F. Valentino, S. Grillo, E. Fiorini, and L. Lamastra, “A multi-criteria approach to evaluate the sustainability performances of wines: the Italian red wine case study,” Sci. Total Environ. 799, 149446, 2021 [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Water Footprint Implementation, “Water Footprint Assessment Tool,” 2020. [Online]. Available: [Accessed: 05-May-2023] [Google Scholar]
  • A. Saraiva et al., “Water footprint sustainability as a tool to address climate change in the wine sector: A methodological approach applied to a Portuguese case study,” Atmosphere (Basel). 11(9), 2020 [Google Scholar]
  • M.M. Mekonnen and A.Y. Hoekstra, “The green, blue and grey water footprint of crops and derived crop products,” Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci. 15(5), 1577–1600, 2011 [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • P. Quinteiro, A.C. Dias, L. Pina, B. Neto, B.G. Ridoutt, and L. Arroja, “Addressing the freshwater use of a Portuguese wine ('vinho verde’) using different LCA methods,” J. Clean. Prod. 68, 46–55, 2014 [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • A.A. Martins, A.R. Araújo, A. Graça, N.S. Caetano, and T.M. Mata, “Towards sustainable wine : Comparison of two Portuguese wines,” J. Clean. Prod. 183, 662–676, 2018 [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • A. Saraiva et al., “The impact of the winery’s wastewater treatment system on the winery water footprint,” Water Sci. Technol. 80(10), 1823–1831, 2019 [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  • Ellen MacArthur Foundation, “Circularity indicators: An approach to measuring circularity. Methodology,” 2019. [Online]. Available: [Accessed: 05-May-2023] [Google Scholar]
  • European Commission, “The EU Environmental Implementation Review 2022 Country Report: Portugal,” Brussels, 2022 [Google Scholar]
  • OECD, “Drying Wells, Rising Stakes: Towards Sustainable Agricultural Groundwater Use Groundwater,” 2015 [Google Scholar]
  • GRI, “GRI 13: Agriculture, Aquaculture and Fishing Sectors 2022,” 2022 [Google Scholar]
  • C.M. Lopes, T.P. Santos, A. Monteiro, M.L. Rodrigues, J.M. Costa, and M.M. Chaves, “Combining cover cropping with deficit irrigation in a Mediterranean low vigor vineyard,” Sci. Hortic. (Amsterdam). 129(4), 603–612, 2011 [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • E.P. Pérez-Álvarez, D.S. Intrigliolo Molina, G. A. Vivaldi, M.J. García-Esparza, V. Lizama, and I. Álvarez, “Effects of the irrigation regimes on grapevine cv. Bobal in a Mediterranean climate: I. Water relations, vine performance and grape composition,” Agric. Water Manag. 248, no. January 2021 [Google Scholar]
  • E. Bonamente, F. Scrucca, F. Asdrubali, F. Cotana, and A. Presciutti, “The water footprint of the wine industry: Implementation of an assessment methodology and application to a case study,” Sustain. 7(9), 12190–12208, 2015 [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • J. Bellvert, M. Mata, X. Vallverdú, C. Paris, and J. Marsal, “Optimizing precision irrigation of a vineyard to improve water use efficiency and profitability by using a decision-oriented vine water consumption model,” Precis. Agric. 22(2), 319–341, 2020 [Google Scholar]
  • Waterwatch B.V., “Water use efficiency of table and wine grapes in Western Cape , South Africa,” Den Bosch, the Netherlands, 2008 [Google Scholar]
  • S. Rinaldi, E. Bonamente, F. Scrucca, M.C. Merico, F. Asdrubali, and F. Cotana, “Water and carbon footprint of wine: Methodology review and application to a case study,” Sustain. 8(7), 2016 [Google Scholar]
  • M. Aybar, M. Carvallo, F. Fabacher, G. Pizarr, and P. Pastén, “Towards a benchmarking model for winery wastewater treatment and disposal,” Water Sci. Technol. 56(2), 153–160, 2007 [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • H.L. Shepherd, M.E. Grismer, and G. Tchobanoglous, “Treatment of High-Strength Winery Wastewater Using a Subsurface-Flow Constructed Wetland,” Water Environ. Res. 73(4), 394–403, 2001 [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • M. Arienzo, E.W. Christen, and W.C. Quayle, “Phytotoxicity testing of winery wastewater for constructed wetland treatment,” J. Hazard. Mater. 169(1-3), 94–99, 2009 [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • M. Arienzo, E.W. Christen, W. Quayle, and A. Kumar, “A review of the fate of potassium in the soil-plant system after land application of wastewaters,” J. Hazard. Mater. 164(2-3), 415–422, 2009 [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • J.M. Costa et al., “Water and wastewater management for sustainable viticulture and oenology in South Portugal-a review,” Cienc. e Tec. Vitivinic. 35(1), 1–15, 2020 [Google Scholar]
  • F. Etchebarne, P. Aveni, J.-L. Escudier, and H. Ojeda, “Reuse of treated wastewater in viticulture: Can it be an alternative source of nutrient-rich water?,” BIO Web Conf. 12, 01009, 2019 [CrossRef] [EDP Sciences] [Google Scholar]
  • A. Rebelo, M. Quadrado, A. Franco, N. Lacasta, and P. Machado, “Water reuse in Portugal: New legislation trends to support the definition of water quality standards based on risk characterization,” Water Cycle 1, June, 41–53, 2020 [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • European Commission, “Circular Economy Action Plan: For a cleaner and more competitive Europe,” 2022 [Google Scholar]
  • L. Von Bertalanffy, “An outline of general system theory,” Br. J. Philos. Sci. 1(2), 134–165, 1950 [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • I. Herath, S. Green, D. Horne, R. Singh, S. Mclaren, and B. Clothier, “Water footprinting of agricultural products : evaluation of different protocols using a case study of New Zealand wine,” J. Clean. Prod. 44, 159–167, 2013 [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Greenfact, “Water availability,” Information for Portugal, 2022. [Online]. Available: [Accessed: 05-May-2023] [Google Scholar]
  • F. Gassert, P. Reig, T. Luo, and A. Maddocks, “Aqueduct country and river basin rankings: a weighted aggregation of spatially distinct hydrological indicators,” 2013 [Google Scholar]
  • M. Berger and M. Finkbeiner, “Methodological Challenges in Volumetric and Impact-Oriented Water Footprints,” J. Ind. Ecol. 17(1), 79–89, 2012 [Google Scholar]
  • G. Fragoulis et al., “Development of a Management Tool to Indicate the Environmental Impact of Organic Viticulture,” J. Environ. Qual. 38(2), 8268–8235, 2009 [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  • K. MacDonald and B. Gleig, “Water contamination Risk: Indicator of risk of water contamination - The Agri-environmental Indicator Project,” Guelph, Ontario, 1996 [Google Scholar]
  • W. Sadok et al., “MASC, a qualitative multi-attribute decision model for ex ante assessment of the sustainability of cropping systems,” Agron. Sustain. Dev. 29(3), 447–461, 2009 [CrossRef] [EDP Sciences] [Google Scholar]
  • R.D.B. Lefroy, H.D. Bechstedt, and M. Rais, “Indicators for sustainable land management based on farmer surveys in Vietnam, Indonesia, and Thailand,” Agric. Ecosyst. Environ. 81(2), 137–146, 2000 [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • OECD, “OECD Core Set of Indicators for Environmental Performance Reviews: A synthesis report by the Group on the State of the Environment,” Paris, France, 1993 [Google Scholar]
  • F. Molle and A. Closas, “Groundwater licensing and its challenges,” Hydrogeol. J. 28(6), 1961–1974, 2020 [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • WWF, “Illegal water use in Spain,” WWF/Adena, no. May, 2006 [Google Scholar]
  • UNEP, “Sustainability Metrics: Translation and Impact on Property Investment and Management,” 2014 [Google Scholar]
  • C. Bockstaller and P. Girardin, “How to validate environmental indicators,” Agric. Syst. 76(2), 639–653, 2003 [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]

Current usage metrics show cumulative count of Article Views (full-text article views including HTML views, PDF and ePub downloads, according to the available data) and Abstracts Views on Vision4Press platform.

Data correspond to usage on the plateform after 2015. The current usage metrics is available 48-96 hours after online publication and is updated daily on week days.

Initial download of the metrics may take a while.