BIO Web Conf.
Volume 34, 2021International Scientific Conference “Biologization of the Intensification Processes in Horticulture and Viticulture” (BIOLOGIZATION 2021)
|Number of page(s)||9|
|Section||Management of Production Processes of Perennial Crops Plants Based on Biotechnologies|
|Published online||10 September 2021|
Efficiency of biologization of intensification processes in industrial fruit growing
Federal State Budget Scientific Institution «North Caucasian Federal Scientific Center of Horticulture, Viticulture, Wine-making», str. 40 Let Pobedy, 39, Krasnodar, 350901, Russia
* Corresponding author: email@example.com
The intensification processes characteristic in industrial fruit growing is given, their aims are determined. The main technological shifts of the technological structure formed in the domestic fruit growing are presented. Based on the analysis of the technological structure development, the predicted technological shifts for the near future, the characteristic features of promising technologies in the fruit growing, their criteria and signs are presented. The factors-indicators of fruit growing intensification are systematically presented. A retrospective of the industrial fruit growing intensification based on the weak-growing rootstocks breeding and introduction and differentiated technologies formed with their participation is reflected. The main directions of intensification that increase the agrocenosis biopotential are graphically presented. The analysis of chemical and technogenic factors negative impact on agroecocenoses leading to bioresource deformations in the biocenosis, soil and soil microbiota, microbio-, acaro- and entomosystems is carried out. The necessity of restoring and developing the reproductive capabilities of agroecosystems, mainly by biological methods, is proved, which include: the development of rhizosphere microorganism populations in the soil biota, the range expansion of the applied bioproducts created on the effective strain basis of beneficial microorganisms, the widespread application of various forms and methods to increase plant immunity, including elicitor-type preparations.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2021
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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