BIO Web Conf.
Volume 58, 202369th Scientific Conference with International Participation “FOOD SCIENCE, ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY – 2022”
|Number of page(s)||5|
|Section||Food Science and Technology|
|Published online||10 March 2023|
Assessment of heavy metal levels in roll-your-own cigarette and water pipe tobacco blends
Department of Production, Processing and Manufacturing of Tobacco and Tobacco Related Products, Tobacco and Tobacco Products Institute, Agricultural Academy,
2 Department of Tobacco, Sugar, Vegetable and Essential Oils, Technological Faculty, University of Food Technologies, 4002 Plovdiv, Bulgaria
* Corresponding author: email@example.com
The increased consumption of roll-your-own (RYO) cigarettes and water pipe (hookah), both globally and in Bulgaria, necessitated the current investigation aimed at the assessment of heavy metal levels in the tobacco blends used in those products. The concentrations of Mn, Zn, Cu, Cd, Pb, and Ni were determined by AAS in five brands of RYO tobacco (R1-R5) and seven brands of water pipe tobacco (W1- W7), all distributed on Bulgarian market. The average heavy metal contents (mg/kg) in the two types of tobacco blends, RYO and water pipe, respectively, were as follows: Mn - 214.20 and 37.89; Zn - 31.90 and 134.87; Cu - 12.06 and 10.07; Cd - 0.80 and 1.33; Pb - 1.60 and 3.57; Ni - 1.36 and 0.80. RYO cigarette tobaccos contained higher concentration of Mn, Cu and Ni, while water pipe tobaccos - Zn, Cd and Pb. Strong correlations were found between Cu and Zn (r=0.81), Cu and Cd (r=0.90) in RYO tobacco blends, and between Cu and Zn (r=0.86) - in water pipe blends, respectively. The results from the study give reason to recommend that this information be provided to the consumers, who consider the regarded tobacco products as a safer alternative to conventional cigarettes.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2023
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).
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